All types of music may be performed in the classroom provided it is for instructional not entertainment purposes.
A CD of an early work by the Beatles and a current piece by Paul McCartney may be played to demonstrate the differences in music styles over the years for a music appreciation class. Playing the CD for background music while students are taking an exam would not be permissible under this exception.
All types of printed materials are allowed to be displayed or performed in the classroom provided it is for instructional and not entertainment purposes.
Under fair use, a copy of a journal article, or a book chapter, generally may be distributed in class. However, there are some restrictions.
Distributing different chapters of the same book during each class session so that students will not have to purchase the book is not permissible.
Copies of workbooks or standardized tests cannot be made and distributed. These are considered consumables and are meant to be purchased by each user.
Compiling a coursepack to distribute to students is not allowed. Instructors must receive permission from copyright holders to compile a coursepack. Many times there is a fee associated with the permission.
All displays of still images may be shown in the classroom provided it is for instructional, not entertainment, purposes.
Audiovisual materials may be shown in the classroom provided it is for instructional not entertainment purposes.
An Instructor may show portions of the movie Gone with the Wind to illustrate certain historical points for a history class. However, the instructor may not show the movie to the students as a reward for having a good semester.