Open access (OA) refers to scholarship which is freely available on the Internet, permitting any user to read, download, print, search or link to the full texts of materials. Open access works are freely accessible but their use is still protected under U.S. copyright law. Open access scholarship can be found in OA journals and in OA repositories or archives. OA scholarship is often peer reviewed and so undergoes a rigorous review and editorial process.
Open access archives, such as Purdue’s e-Pubs, offer a means to provide access to publications and other scholarly materials freely available over the internet. Open access publications, such as e-journals like those published by the Purdue University Press, distribute scholarly content more quickly than traditional publishers, and operate on alternative business models. Open Access publications offer an alternative to the traditional scholarly publishing model, a model whose costs are no longer sustainable for most universities.
What does Open Access mean for the Purdue Community?
In spring 2010, Purdue’s academic senate approved the Committee on Institutional Cooperation (CIC) Author Addendum, for voluntary use by faculty wishing to retain their rights when working with commercial publishers. The Author Addendum is a document that can be attached to publishing contracts, allowing scholars and researchers to retain their rights to their work for teaching and research purposes. Some universities, such as Harvard, Princeton, MIT, and Kansas have taken further steps and adopted open access mandates.
Faculty at these universities retain their rights to their scholarship when they are signing publishing contracts, so that they can deposit their scholarship into open access repositories at their universities, such as Purdue’s e-Pubs, or post it on their personal websites. Retaining your rights before publishing has also become increasingly important due to federal granting agencies requirements for deposit of scholarship and/or data resulting from funded research. National Institutes of Health and National Science Foundation both have requirements:
Resources at Purdue
HathiTrust – A digital library of more than 9 million books, manuscripts, and government documents, digitized from library collections. The mission of HathiTrust is “to contribute to the common good by collecting, organizing, preserving, communicating, and sharing the record of human knowledge”. At Purdue, full-text items HathiTrust items in the public domain are now accessible from the Libraries catalog.
Committee on Institutional Cooperation –The Committee on Institutional Cooperation is keenly interested in scholarly communication issues and provides information relevant to CIC schools, including the Authors Copyright Contract Addendum.
Purdue University Press – The scholarly publishing unit for Purdue and publishes in several key areas, including business, technology, health, veterinary medicine, and other selected disciplines.
e-Pubs – a digital document repository including e-books, papers, reports, dissertations, journal articles, and other documents by Purdue authors. Purdue’s e-Pubs is a repository for Purdue faculty and staff publications, and provides online publishing support for Purdue faculty.
BioMed Central – Publisher of 220 peer-reviewed open access journals. BioMed Central provides free, full text access to all original research papers published in any of its online journals covering all areas of biology and medicine, including new journals added over time. Purdue has an institutional membership to BioMed Central, which qualifies all researchers at Purdue a 15% discount on article processing charges.
Scholarly Publishing & Academic Resources Coalition (SPARC) – An international alliance of libraries working to change the scholarly publishing system.
Open Access Week is a global celebration to raise awareness of open access in scholarship and research. Purdue has celebrated Open Access since 2007, with visiting speakers, panels of Purdue faculty, and informational displays.
Leadership in Open Access Award
Purdue began to celebrate and honor local contributions to open access in 2010, with the first Leadership in Open Access Award. The Award was created to reflect the priorities of the CIC and to recognize outstanding leadership in scholarly communication at Purdue. Explore past recipients.